The U.S. House of Representatives today passed the American Rescue Plan of 2021, the latest round of stimulus funding to address the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic.

The $1.9 trillion plan, which had been proposed by President Joe Biden, includes $350 billion in direct aid to states, local governments, tribes and territories. The legislation also provides funding for housing, education, nutrition programs, unemployment assistance, vaccines, and assistance from the Federal Emergency Management Agency.

The Senate had passed the bill last Saturday, and President Biden is expected to sign it into law immediately.

“The direct local relief in the American Rescue Plan is critical to protecting front-line and emergency personnel and helping our residents and local businesses,” said Clarence Anthony, executive director of the National League of Cities, which coordinated a national campaign to advocate for the direct aid to municipalities. “Thank you, Congress, for this much-needed injection of hope as we fight to respond and recover from this pandemic.”

The federal aid package would create new state and local coronavirus relief funds, with $220 billion going to states, tribal governments and territories, and $130 billion going directly to municipal and county governments.

The bill would provide $65 billion in direct aid for municipalities across the country. Estimates for Massachusetts indicate that cities and towns could receive as much as $2 billion in direct aid.

The NLC website includes an updated spreadsheet with estimated allocations, along with additional information about the aid package.

These funds could be used to replace revenue lost or reduced as a result of the pandemic, fund COVID-related costs, provide support to aid households and businesses impacted by the crisis, invest in economic recovery and renewal, and fund investments in water, sewer and broadband infrastructure. The funds would be provided in two blocks, in 2021 and 2022, and would be available for use through 2024.

Once the bill becomes law, the Treasury Department will provide specific guidance on allowable uses of the funds and will determine final allocations based on the most recent census data and the final language in the law.

The MMA had made passage of the American Rescue Plan a top priority, working closely with the NLC, which mobilized thousands of local officials and state municipal organizations to ensure that direct aid to local governments remained in the aid package.

“The American Rescue Plan Act is a true game-changer,” said MMA Executive Director Geoff Beckwith. “This bill will provide critical aid to every city and town in Massachusetts to stabilize essential services, inject real dollars into our communities to protect individuals, families and businesses hit hardest by COVID-19, and invest in a powerful economic recovery all across the state.”

On behalf of the MMA, Beckwith praised all members of the Massachusetts congressional delegation.

“We are so fortunate to have remarkable senators and representatives who are strong and enduring advocates for federal aid to cities and towns,” he said. “Their leadership has paved the way for passage of the American Rescue Plan.”

In Massachusetts, 37 “Metropolitan Cities” (generally communities with populations above 50,000) would receive about $1.7 billion distributed through a modified Community Development Block Grant formula, and all other communities would receive approximately $368 million distributed on a per-capita basis. Counties would receive about $1.3 billion, also distributed on a per-capita basis.

In regions that have abolished their county governments (Berkshire, Essex, Franklin, Hampden, Hampshire, Middlesex and Worcester), the bill would keep the aid in the state by distributing the money to the cities and towns in the county based on the municipalities’ percentage of the county population, and communities could use the funds to supplement their direct aid.

Municipal leaders from communities with functioning county governments (Barnstable, Bristol, Dukes, Nantucket, Norfolk, Plymouth and Suffolk) will need to work with their county officials to make sure the funds are available for local government priorities.

The MMA will be providing updates at over the coming days, and the National League of Cities is also sharing information at

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